Dot Chinese Online and Dot Chinese Website Featured in EURid’s World Report on IDNs 2014

The TLD Registry team is excited and flattered that our Dot Chinese Online (.在线) and Dot Chinese Website (.中文网) TLDs have been featured as the current most successful IDN new gTLDs by the European Registries for Internet Domains (EURid), in their comprehensive World Report on Internationalized Domain Names 2014.

The August 2014 volume of the report is supported by the United Nations' UNESCO, Verisign, the Council for European National Top Level Domain Registries (CENTR), the Latin American and Caribbean Association of cCTLDs (LACTLD), the Asia Pacific Top Level Domain Name Association (APTLD), and the African Top Level Domain (AfTLD).

The report was created with the intention of propagating international equality within the internet's global community. Our goal of empowering 20% of humanity to use their own great and ancient language, Chinese, in website addresses is what drives our work, and we are delighted to have been made a case study in the report.

"I believe that internationalised domain names are an essential entry point for a multilingual and inclusive Internet, and that is why we have made them an integral part of our policies to protect an Internet that is open and accessible to all", said Neelie Kroes, the Vice President of the European Commission.

TLD Registry has been championing international internet equality for seven years now, as demonstrated by our two leading IDN's, Dot Chinese Online and Dot Chinese Website, which offers native Chinese internet users the ability to use domain names in their own language. The report gives a full analysis of the nature of IDNs — why it drives multilingualism, usage, enhancement abilities, industry opinions, new IDN gTLDs, and the industry stats. A full chapter is dedicated to universal acceptance — what it means, how it is supported, and recent developments (such as Google's implementation of IDN email addresses in Gmail).

TLD Registry's CMO Simon Cousins stated, "We're proud to see our Chinese IDNs under Dot Chinese Online (.​在线) and Dot Chinese Website (.中文网) highlighted as a case study in the EurID-UNESCO report. The TLD Registry team is proud of the work we do to improve the lives of vast numbers of ordinary Chinese internet users".

The Dot Chinese Online and Dot Chinese Website case study features are mentioned in Section 8.2.5, on page 86, focusing on new IDN gTLDS. The study gives an overview of our top registrations with corresponding IDN TLDs (.在线 and .中文网). An honorable mention in

Is It Time for a Registration Operations Industry Association? (Part 2)

In Part 1 of this series of blog posts I described the need for an industry association of operators to discuss the technical tasks, such as the development, deployment, and ongoing systems administration of the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP), performed by registries and registrars to ensure interoperability and share best practices when providing registration services. In this blog post I'll describe a way to make that happen.

I've spoken to a number of registrars who have described the challenges they face in implementing the many different EPP extensions being developed by registry operators. Here's a concrete example: the Net::DRI Perl implementation of an EPP client includes contact extensions for 24 different registries. A registrar that wishes to manage contacts with those registries needs to implement a contact extension for each one! With the addition of new gTLDs and many new registry operators with new business models the number of extensions can only increase. How would an industry association address these challenges and reduce confusion for everyone? How could an association be structured?

The primary purpose of an association would be to facilitate communication and technical coordination among implementers and operators of the EPP protocol and its current extensions to address interoperability and efficiency obstacles. Other registry-registrar technical interactions, such as the implementation and deployment of the IETF's Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP), would also be appropriate. In scope activities could also include cooperation on the development of new EPP extensions, interoperability/conformance testing, and development of tools and software development kits. Marketing, policy development, and protocol standardization would be explicitly out of scope.

Using the 24 contact extensions as an example, discussion among operators could have identified areas of common need. Those common needs could be collapsed into a single extension used by multiple registries, reducing extension duplication and lowering the implementation barrier for registrars. An association could make it easier for those discussions to take place.

The association could be a non-profit, membership-based organization. Membership should be open to all interested industry members, including domain name registrars, gTLD/ccTLD registries, second-level domain registries, and parties providing software or back-end services to the foregoing. Address registries might eventually be interested in membership if we do decide to address RDAP operations.

Setting up and running a new technical forum can be expensive and time consuming, but alternatives exist to creating one from scratch. The IEEE-ISTO is structured to allow new associations to be formed both at a relatively low cost and with a high level of flexibility in terms of charter development and membership management. Using the ISTO does not mean this would be an IEEE standards effort. The ISTO just provides the operational framework and administrative services to multiple, independent technical industry associations.

Cost should be relatively low. ISTO monthly fees could be as low as $3K-$4K per month. We would need to ensure that the membership fees cover the costs. Some of the functions (like maintaining a web site or a mailing list) could be provided by members to reduce the cost.

IEEE/ISTO is one option for an association framework. There are others that leverage existing organizations. For example, it might be possible to charter an IETF working group focused on developing guidelines for registration operations, similar to the way the dnsop working group develops guidelines for the operation of DNS software and services and for the administration of DNS zones. The IETF has generally not chartered long-running working groups with open-ended milestones, so this might not be a viable option. A new association could drive standards by bringing proposals to the IETF after they've gained a measure of consensus within the operator community.

There are other organizations that count registration operators as members. The challenge with all existing organizations is that their primary mission is something other than technical registration operations. A new association creates an opportunity to bring registrars and registries together to discuss consolidating and simplifying the technical interfaces between our systems and to address other operational issues without having to worry about mission confusion.

In my third and final post in this series I will describe an opportunity for everyone that's interested in discussing this topic in a live environment.

Written by Scott Hollenbeck, Senior Director at Verisign

New .ORGANIC Top-Level Domain Opens to Serve the Organic Community

Global registry operator Afilias has announced that the fresh new, socially responsible top-level domain .ORGANIC is now open for registration by all bona fide organic producers and others who serve the organic community.

The term "organic" is the gold standard of nutrition and sustainability, with "certified organic" products and services becoming more and more popular. Consumers have learned to trust these products because clear standards are established and certification processes are reliable. Unlike terms such as "healthy" and "natural," "organic" products and services must meet specific standards.

Until now, there has been no place on the Internet that protects the organic community and those it serves. The new .ORGANIC top level domain provides a new address that can only be used by companies and organizations that are certified or otherwise meet stringent eligibility requirements. Every applicant for a .ORGANIC name will be verified before being allowed to use a name. With more consumers doing research online every day, now is the time for organic community members to have addresses that shout, "I'm really organic!"

"Afilias is proud to introduce this valuable addition to the top level domain space," said Roland LaPlante, Chief Marketing Officer at Afilias. "Authentic organic organizations can now rise above the dotcom confusion with an Internet address that sets them apart as organic and enables consumers to more easily find them. Every organic product and service should have one."

To get your own .ORGANIC domain, register at any .ORGANIC authorized registrar.

Who is eligible for a .ORGANIC site?

Web addresses using .ORGANIC are only available to verifiably organic farmers, producers, manufacturers, co-packers, distributors, wholesalers, retailers and official organic certifiers. Eligibility also extends to other organic-oriented entities such as restaurants and trade organizations that may not be certified but can meet special .ORGANIC criteria tailored to their role in the community. The complete eligibility requirements are available on the .ORGANIC website.

For more information about .ORGANIC, visit You can also follow .ORGANIC on social media, including:

Facebook: dotOrganicTLD
Twitter: dotOrganic
Pinterest: dotOrganic